|Relationship between Sleep Quality and Overweight and Obesity in Women of Reproductive Age Referred to Health Centers in Yazd|
|Fereshte Salarinia1, Soheila Bani2, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabad 3, Shirin Hasanpoor3, Shamsi abasalizadeh3, Khalil Ansari3|
|1Department Of Midwifery, Nursing and midwifery faculty, Tabriz, Iran
2Neuroscience Research Center - Nursing and Midwifery faculty, Neuroscience Research Center, Tabriz, Iran
3Department of , Public Health , Public Health faculty of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences,Tabriz, Iran
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Keywords : Sleep quality, Overweight, Obesity, Reproductive age
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Objectives: The present study aimed at determining the relationship between sleep quality and overweight and obesity in women of reproductive age referred to health centers and bases in Yazd in 2014-2015.
Materials and Methods: A total of 450 women of reproductive age with a BMI of >18.5 were participated in this study and divided into three equal groups (n=150) of normal weight, overweight, and obese. Instruments used in this study were the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and a socio-demographic questionnaire. Data from the questionnaires were completed by the participants and analyzed using statistical methods.
Findings: In this study, 66% of normal weight women of reproductive age had an acceptable sleep quality, while 77% of overweight and 93% of obese women of reproductive age had poor sleep quality, respectively. The results of this study showed that a significant correlation existed between BMI of normal weight women of reproductive age and the components of sleep quality (p=0.001). An inverse significant relationship was also found between BMI of overweight women of reproductive age and the components of sleep quality (p<0.05) and finally, an inverse significant relationship was also found between BMI of obese women of reproductive age and the components of sleep quality (p<0.05). A significant relationship also existed between socio-demographic and components of sleep quality (p<0.05). It seems that among the components of sleep quality, the effect of sleep disorder, impaired daily functioning, and consumption of hypnotic drugs was higher than sleep duration and good sleep in overweight and obesity.
Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that women of reproductive age with overweight and obesity have poor sleep quality. Among components of sleep quality, sleep disorder, impaired daily functioning, and consumption of hypnotic drugs have the most important role in reducing sleep quality. It seems that change in lifestyle can improve sleep quality and thus can reduce BMI.
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