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Jul 2017, Vol 5, Issue 3
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Original Article
Relationship Between Sleep Quality and Overweight and Obesity in Women of Reproductive Age Referred to Health Centers in Yazd
Fereshte Salarinia1, Soheila Bani2, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi3, Shirin Hasanpoor4, Shamsi Abasalizadeh1, Khalil Ansari5
1Woman’s Reproduction Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Neurosciences Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3Faculty of Health Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4Woman’s Reproduction Health Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5Tuberculosis and Pulmonary Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

IJWHR 2017; 5: 231–236
DOI: 10.15296/ijwhr.2017.41
Viewed : 580 times
Downloaded : 217 times.

Keywords : Obesity, Overweight, Sleep, Women
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Abstract
Objectives: The present study aimed at determining the relationship between sleep quality and overweight and obesity in women of reproductive age referred to health centers and bases in Yazd in 2014-2015.

Materials and Methods: A total of 450 women of reproductive age with a body mass index (BMI) of >18.5 were participated in this study and divided into 3 equal groups (n = 150) of normal weight, overweight, and obese. Instruments used in this study were the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and a socio-demographic questionnaire. Data from the questionnaires were completed by the participants and analyzed using statistical methods.

Results: In this study, 66% of normal weight women of reproductive age had an acceptable sleep quality, while 77% of overweight and 93% of obese women of reproductive age had poor sleep quality, respectively. The results of this study showed that a significant correlation existed between BMI of normal weight women of reproductive age and the components of sleep quality (P = 0.001). An inverse significant relationship was also found between BMI of overweight women of reproductive age and the components of sleep quality (P < 0.05) and finally, an inverse significant relationship was also found between BMI of obese women of reproductive age and the components of sleep quality (P < 0.05). A significant relationship also existed between socio-demographic and components of sleep quality (P < 0.05). It seems that among the components of sleep quality, the effect of sleep disorder, impaired daily functioning, and consumption of hypnotic drugs was higher than sleep duration and good sleep in overweight and obesity.

Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that women of reproductive age with overweight and obesity have poor sleep quality. Among components of sleep quality, sleep disorder, impaired daily functioning, and consumption of hypnotic drugs have the most important role in reducing sleep quality. It seems that change in lifestyle can improve sleep quality and thus can reduce BMI

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