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Jul 2017, Vol 5, Issue 3
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Original Article
Association Between Maternal Self-confidence and Functional Status in Primiparous Women of Postpartum Period, 2015-2016
Fahimeh Sehati Shafaie1, Mojgan Mirghafourvand2, Marzieh Bagherinia3
1Assistant Professor, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Midwifery Department, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Assistant Professor, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Midwifery Department, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3Department of Midwifery, Students’ Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


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Keywords : Self concept, Functional status, Postpartum period, Women
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Abstract
Objectives: Transition to motherhood, is a challenging and stressful process in postpartum period as they face not only new tasks associated with the maternal role but also the dramatic changes in their bodies. This study was performed with aim to determine the relationship between maternal self-confidence and functional status in postpartum period.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 136 primiparous women at 2 weeks postpartum who were referred to twenty five health centers of Tabriz, from December 2015 to April 2016. Data were collected using the socio-demographic characteristics questionnaire, Lips Maternal Self- Confidence Score and Inventory of Functional Status After Childbirth. The statistical tests including Pearson correlation, Independent sample T-test, one-way ANOVA and General linear model were used for data analysis through SPSS v.21. The significance level was considered as P<0.05.

Results: The mean (SD) of total functional status scores was 2.2±0.4, with achievable scores range from 1 to 4 and maternal self-confidence scores was 105.6±11.2, with achievable scores range from 24 to 144. Between functional status and maternal self-confidence was found a significantly positive and strong correlations (P=0.001, r=0.271).

Conclusion: The results from this study show that maternal self-confidence has a positive effect on functional status in postpartum period and increased self-confidence leads to improved functional status.

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