|Predictors of Breastfeeding Self-efficacy in Iranian Women: A Cross-Sectional Study|
|Mojgan Mirghafourvand1, Jamileh Malakouti2, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi3, Fatemeh Faridvand4|
|1Department of Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Women’s Reproduction Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Tabriz, Iran
3Department of Reproductive Health, Social Determinants of Health Research Centre, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Science, Tabriz, Iran
4Students’ Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Aras International Branch, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
IJWHR 2018; 6: 380-385
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Keywords : Breastfeeding self-efficacy, Social support, Knowledge, Attitude, Iran
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Objectives: Determining the effective factors on breastfeeding self-efficacy can be helpful in designing the promoting interventions for this behavior. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictors of breastfeeding self-efficacy in mothers referred to health centers of Tabriz, Iran, in 2015.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 220 mothers breastfeeding 4-to-6-month babies. Cluster sampling was used in this study. Breastfeeding self-efficacy scale (BSES), The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS), social support via Personal Resource Questionnaire (PRQ-85) and researcher-made questionnaire of knowledge were used to collect data. Multivariate linear regression model was used to determine the predictors of breastfeeding self-efficacy.
Results: Mean (standard deviation) of breastfeeding self-efficacy was 138.7 (11.9) out of the achievable score range of 33-165 and about 90% of the women had high breastfeeding self-efficacy. There was a significant statistical correlation between breastfeeding self-efficacy and social support, knowledge and attitude (P < 0.001). According to multivariate linear regression model, the variables of social support, attitude, knowledge and husband’s age were identified as the predictors of breastfeeding self-efficacy.
Conclusions: According to the important role of breastfeeding in maternal health, providing strategies to enhance knowledge, improve attitude, and sensitize community deems essential; as these important factors affect breastfeeding self-efficacy.
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