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Jul 2018, Vol 6, Issue 3
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Original Article
Predictors of Breastfeeding Self-efficacy in Iranian women: A Cross-sectional Study
Mojgan Mirghafourvand1, Jamileh Malakouti1, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi2, Fatemeh Faridvand1
1Department of Midwifery Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, , Tabriz, Iran
2Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Tabriz, Iran

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Keywords : Breastfeeding self-efficacy, social support, knowledge, attitude, Iran
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Objectives: Determining the effective factors on breastfeeding self-efficacy can be helpful in designing the promoting interventions of this behavior. The aim of this study was to evaluate the breastfeeding self-efficacy predictors in mothers referred to health centers of Tabriz, Iran in 2015.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 220 breastfeeding women with 4- to -6 month infants. Cluster sampling was used in this study. Breastfeeding self-efficacy scale (BSES), The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS), social support via Personal Resource Questionnaire (PRQ-85) and researcher-made questionnaire of knowledge were used to collect data. Multivariate linear regression model was used to determine predictors of breastfeeding self-efficacy.

Results: Mean (standard deviation) of breastfeeding self-efficacy was 138.7 (11.9) out of the achievable score range of 33-165 and about 90% of women had high breastfeeding self-efficacy. There was a significant statistical correlation between breastfeeding self-efficacy and social support, knowledge and attitude (p<0.001). According to multivariate linear regression model, the variables of social support, attitude, knowledge and husband’s age were identified as predictors of breastfeeding self-efficacy.

Conclusion: According to the importance of breastfeeding for maternal health, providing strategies to enhance knowledge, improve attitude and sensitize community are essential as these important factors affect breastfeeding self-efficacy.

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