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Jan 2017, Vol 5, Issue 1
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Review
Infertility-Related Risk Factors: A Systematic Review
Narjes Deyhoul1, Tina Mohamaddoost1, Meimanat Hosseini2
1 Student’s Research Committee, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Assistant Professor, Department of Community Health, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

IJWHR 2017; 5: 24-29

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Keywords : Infertility-related risk factors, Infertility symptoms, Infertility causes
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Abstract
Objective:Infertility is a universal barrier affecting people all over the world and its cause and importance may vary according to the geographical location and socio-economic condition. Infertility Awareness is the first step in maintaining pregnancy power in lifestyle modification.

Materials and Methods: Some studies were conducted on some databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Springer and Science Direct. Twenty-five English papers with similar subject as ours published from 2010 to 2015 were reviewed.

Results: Reproductive system disorders, the symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases and hormonal disorders are among the infertility causes in men and women. Lifestyle-related factors such as obesity, nutrition, smoking and alcohol consumption, mobile phone use, sexual violence and anxiety were evaluated as pregnancy changers.

Conclusion: Having a healthy lifestyle, running regular tests and checkups under medical supervision and maintaining normal body weight can prevent from fertility problems. Infertility in women will be treated by medicine, minor surgery, laparoscopic procedures, and hormone therapy and by avoiding early pregnancy failure. This article is useful and beneficial for all medical and scientific researchers who want to uproot infertility.

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