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Jul 2016, Vol 4, Issue 3
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Original Article
Breast Cancer Screening Tests in Tabriz Behbood Hospital
Fahimeh Sehhatie Shafaie1, Somayyeh Nagizadeh2, Soosan Valizadeh3
1Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Department of Midwifery, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
3Department of Pediatric, Department of Nursing, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

IJWHR 2016; 4: 134–140
DOI: 10.15296/ijwhr.2016.31
Viewed : 2439 times
Downloaded : 1867 times.

Keywords : Breast cancer, Cancer screening tests, Fine needle aspiration, Mammography, Ultrasonography
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Abstract
Objectives: Considering the prevalence age of breast cancer (BC) as whole and involvement of young aged Iranian women and as Behbood hospital is a screening center for BC in Tabriz, East Azerbaijan, this study aimed to present the results of screening tests.

Materials and Methods: For 5000 women referred to BC clinic of Behbood hospital, a self-designed questionnaire including demographic-social characteristics and risk factors of BC was completed by researcher. Then breasts of women were examined by midwives and recorded in questionnaire. In case of abnormal results ultrasonography, mammography and fine needle aspiration (FNA) were prescribed and results were recorded in the questionnaire.

Results: A total 516 cases of left breast mass and 480 cases of right breast mass were palpated. Forty cases out of 996 ultrasonography were abnormal. A total of 183 cases out of 636 mammography were abnormal. One case out of 14 FNA was cancer (7.1%). Occupation, menopause status, history of performing FNA, education level, marriage status, age of first pregnancy and body mass index (BMI) had significant relationship with abnormal clinical breast examination (CBE). Breastfeeding had significant relationship with abnormal sonography results. Menopause, diet, use of chemical agents and type of oils used in diet had significant relationship with abnormal mammography results (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Based on these results, women should be encouraged to undergo BC screening tests more regularly and to increase their knowledge on BC and benefits of screening through public media.

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