|Body Image Perception and Self-esteem During Pregnancy|
|Sema Inanir1, Bulent Cakmak2, Mehmet Can Nacar2, Askin Evren Guler3, Ahmet Inanir4|
|1Department of Psychiatry, Tokat State Hospital, Tokat, Turkey
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat, Turkey
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Koru Sincan Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
4Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat, Turkey
IJWHR 2015; 3: 196–200
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Keywords : Body image, Perception, Pregnancy, Self-esteem
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Objectives: The aim of this study is to examine the change in body image perception (BIP) and evaluate self-esteem levels during pregnancy.
Material and Methods: This study includes totally 180 females having similar demographic features, i.e. 30 non-pregnant (control group) and 50 pregnant women from each trimester (first, second and third trimester groups) at an Obstetrics Outpatient Department of a university hospital. BIP and self-esteem scores have been compared among the groups. Data relating to all participants have been obtained by using socio-demographic data form, body image scale and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES).
Results: All demographic features have been found to be similar among the groups. The body mass index (BMI) was higher in the third trimester of pregnancy compared to other groups; whereas BIP was significantly worse in the third trimester group compared to the first trimester and control groups (P < .05). There was a negative correlation between trimesters of pregnancy and BIP (Rho = -0.221; P = .003). Self-esteem was detected at a relatively higher level in first trimester group compared to the second and third trimester groups (P < .05).
Conclusion: BIP levels have declined during the pregnancy period and self-esteem has been observed at a higher level in the first trimester compared to the advanced trimesters of pregnancy.
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